Ok, I added a new disk (well old actually, but new for the machine) to my Oracle VM server. It discovered it (or do it manually) and I wanted to create a new repository on it. Unfortunately it came with the following error:
Server error: 'The backing device /dev/mapper/3500a075109146bee is not allowed to contain partitions'
Let’s get an endpoint_value for a hight-balanced histogram which represents a date:
select table_name, column_name, endpoint_number, endpoint_value, endpoint_actual_value
from dba_tab_histograms where table_name='BSLN_BASELINES' and column_name='LAST_COMPUTE_DATE'
order by endpoint_number;
Endpoint values for dates will be shown as followed: ‘2457594.23701157’.
The number in front of the dot is the day’s since ’01 JAN -4712′, this is retrievable with the Julian format element ‘J’:
select to_char(to_timestamp('2457594', 'J'), 'DD MON YYYY') endpoint_actual_value from dual; -- 24 JUL 2016
select to_char(to_timestamp('1', 'J'), 'DD MON SYYYY') endpoint_actual_value from dual; -- 01 JAN -4712
select to_char(to_timestamp('5373484', 'J'), 'DD MON YYYY') endpoint_actual_value from dual; -- 31 DEC 9999
The number after the dot is the faction of the day: .5 is noon, 0.25 is six ‘o clock in the morning:
select to_char(trunc(sysdate) + 0.25, 'HH24:MI:SS') endpoint_actual_value from dual; -- 06:00:00
select to_char(trunc(sysdate) + 0.23701157, 'HH24:MI:SS') endpoint_actual_value from dual; -- 05:41:18
select to_char(trunc(sysdate) + 0.87305213, 'HH24:MI:SS') endpoint_actual_value from dual; -- 20:57:12
Ah, an old client is trying to connect to Oracle 12c (presumably)… ;)
Also “ORA-03134: Connections to this server version are no longer supported” can occur.
This actually implies that the authentication protocols use between client and server do not match. In Oracle 12c, the authentication protocol uses SHA-2 encryption algorithm by default, where older clients use SHA-1. So when an older client is used with defaults, the server will not accept the connection.
The best option would be upgrading the client, but when older dll’s are used (like ojdbc14.jar and you can not change this), this is a problem. The database instance can be told to accept older clients and use the older SHA-1 encryption algorithm.
[Why this post: GATHER_SYSTEM_STATS does not gather MREADTIM information from Direct Path Reads]
Oracle can be tuned in a lot of parts and places. One of these is when Oracle is going to choose between reading an index or doing a full table scan.
In this blog I’m not going into depth about all this, but one of the ‘parameters’ here is setting the MREADTIM system statistic to a ‘real life’ value. This value will tell Oracle how fast reading multiple blocks from disk is with all the overhead in between. How many multiple blocks is, is defined by the multi block read count (MBRC) setting. Together with SREADTIM, IOSEEKTIM and MBRC this will have influence in the execution path Oracle will choose.
Well, I have configured some 30 ‘Data Guards’ by now, but I never came across this warning, it seems it’s new in 12c:
DGMGRL> validate database cdb1dgsara
Database Role: Physical standby database
Primary Database: cdb1dgkara
Ready for Switchover: Yes
Ready for Failover: Yes (Primary Running)
Future Log File Groups Configuration:
Thread # Online Redo Log Groups Standby Redo Log Groups Status
1 3 2 Insufficient SRLs
Warning: standby redo logs not configured for thread 1 on cdb1dgsara
Hang on, standby redo logs not configured? I have 4 groups! Continue reading
During the installation of Oracle 12c (12.1) I encountered the following error:
Error in invoking target 'irman ioracle' of makefile
See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2015(...).log' for details.
Inside the logfile the following error is encountered:
INFO: collect2: ld terminated with signal 9 [Killed]
According to metalink doc 2040972.1 this is due to less memory available (in a VM environment). Continue reading
Linux and Windows…
Quick Reference To Patch Numbers For Database PSU, SPU(CPU) And Bundle Patches [ID 1454618.1]
This document is getting replaced by Note 2118136.2:
Download Reference for Oracle Database/GI PSU, SPU(CPU), Bundle Patches, Patchsets and Base Releases [ID 2118136.2]
Oracle Database, Networking and Grid Agent Patches for Microsoft Platforms [ID 161549.1]
Connecting with the Oracle Instant Client 11g to Amazon Cloud Web Services (amazonaws.com) can result in the next error:
ORA-28547: connection to server failed, probable Oracle Net admin error
I found that while pinging the host, it was not able to resolve it, but connecting with SQL Developer (220.127.116.11) was possible! Strange…
I downloaded the Oracle Instant Client 12c (18.104.22.168) and that works. It seems the Oracle Instant Client 11g (22.214.171.124) is not able to connect to Amazon Web Services…
It seems Oracle VM (<=3.3.1 *) and Oracle Linux (<= 5.10/6.6 *) both install ISOs and installed OS’s are not capable of booting when UEFI on the bare-metal hardware is used. I have seen two configurations now where this happened, one using a USB HDD drive capable providing a ISO to boot from as CD/DVD (Zalman ZM-VE300) and one HP iLO4 (http and local ISO) ‘remote’ booting. Continue reading
Oracle Direct NFS (dNFS for short) is an NFS Client functionality integrated directly in the Oracle database software, optimizing the I/O (multi)path to your NFS storage without the overhead of the OS client/kernel software.
In this blog post I’ll describe network considerations, configurations and problems I have encountered during set-ups I have done.
dNFS uses two kinds of NFS mounts, the OS mount of NFS (also referred to as kernel NFS of kNFS) and, of course, Oracle’s database NFS mount, Direct NFS or dNFS.
According to [Direct NFS: FAQ (Doc ID 954425.1)] and [How to configure DNFS to use multiple IPs (Doc ID 1552831.1)], an kNFS mount is needed, although Oracle also claims it will also work on platforms that don’t natively support NFS, e.g. Windows… [Oracle Database 11g Direct NFS Client White Paper] (I don’t know how yet…).
Because dNFS implements multipath I/O internally, these is no need for bonding the interfaces to storage via active-backup or Link Aggregation. However, it’s good practice to bond the OS kNFS connection:
1 - eth0 -\
- bond0 - OS / kNFS
2 - eth1 -/
3 - eth2 --------- - dNFS path 1
4 - eth3 --------- - dNFS path 2
Above schematic shows [How to configure DNFS to use multiple IPs (Doc ID 1552831.1)]:
“A good solution could be to use bonded NICs (…) to perform the mount and then use unbonded NICs via dNFS for the performance critical path.” Continue reading